City Futures Research Centre UNSW Built Environment

Our People

Professor Bruce Herbert Judd

Bruce Judd
Director - Australian School of Architecture and Design

Contact

Phone: +61 2 9385 5274
Fax: +61 2 9385 5935

Bruce Judd had eight years experience in private architectural practice prior to joining UNSW in 1981. Since then he has been involved in various consulting work including master planning for schools and expert witness work in NSW and Queensland. He is also an advisor to the NSW state government on social housing issues via his membership of the Department of Housing’s Living Communities Consultative Committee and the Community Regeneration Expert Advisory Committee. He has also been actively involved with a number of inner urban and outer suburban public housing communities as an advisor or in a community development capacity.

During his 25 year career in Architecture and Urban Design at UNSW, Bruce has been 3rd year coordinator in the BArch program, Director of Postgraduate Studies, Head of the former Graduate School of the Built Environment and Director and Director of the Master of Urban Development and Design program. Early in his academic career he had extensive Involvement in RAIA education programs in the 1980s and was convener of a number of housing conferences, workshops and continuing education programs for the RAIA, UNSW and the Federal Government. His teaching has included: Architecture Program: History and Theory of Architecture (Design and Human Behaviour); Architectural Design Studio (BArch & MArch programs). Master of Urban Development and Design Program: International Urban Design Studio’s in Indonesia, Korea, China, Taiwan, and Argentina; Case Studies in Urban Development and Design; Communication in Urban Design. Research Students: Supervision of a number of Masters and Doctoral theses, mostly on housing issues.

Publications

Books

Judd B; Liu EY; Easthope H; Davy L; Bridge C, 2014, Downsizing amongst older Australians, AHURI Final Report No.214, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, Melbourne, http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/projects/p70687

Judd BH; Samuels R, 2005, Public Housing, Policing and Crime Reduction, AHURI, Melbourne (Australia)

Blair JM; Prasad DK; Judd BH; Zehner RB; Hyde R; Soebarto V, 2004, Affordability and Sustainability Outcomes of `Greenfield` Suburban Development and Master Planned Communities: A Case Study Approach Using TBL Assessment, Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, Melbourne

Samuels R; Judd BH; Barton JE; O Brien EA, 2004, Linkages between Housing, Policing and other Intervention for Crime and Harassment Reduction in Areas of Public Housing Concentration, Volume 1: Main Report, Australian Housing and Urban Research institute, Melbourne

Bartolomei LA; Judd BH; Thompson SM; Corkery LF, 2003, A Bountiful Harvest: Community Gardens and Neighbourhood renewal in Waterloo, NSW Government, New South Wales

Judd BH; Samuels R; O Brien EA; Barton JE, 2003, Positioning Paper: Linkages Between Housing Policing and Other Interventions for Crime and Harassment Reduction on Public Housing Estates, AHURI, Melbourne VIC

Judd BH; Samuels R; O Brien EA, 2002, Positioning Paper: Linkages Between Housing Policing and Other Interventions for Crime and Harassment Reduction on Public Housing Estates, AHURI, Melbourne VIC

Book Chapters

Judd B, 2016, 'Housing Design for Multigenerational Living', in "Liu EY; Easthope H" (ed.), Multigenerational Family Living: Evidence and Policy Implications from Australia, edn. Routledge Advances in Sociology, Routledge, London, pp. 136-159, https://www.routledge.com/Multigenerational-Family-Living-Evidence-and-Policy-Implications-from/Liu-Easthope/p/book/9781472476692

Judd BH, 2016, 'Housing Solutions for Older Adults', in "Pachana NA" (ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology, Springer, pp. 1-11, 10.11007/978-981-287-080-3

Liu E, 2016, 'Living with the extended family: Experiences and outcomes of living in multigenerational households', in Multigenerational Family Living: Evidence and Policy Implications from Australia, pp. 73-92, 10.4324/9781315596266

Liu E; Easthope H; Judd B; Burnley I, 2015, 'Housing multigenerational households in Australian cities: Evidence from Sydney and Brisbane at the turn of the 21st century', in Housing in 21st-Century Australia: People, Practices and Policies, pp. 21-37

Judd B; Randolph B, 2008, 'Chapter 4 Quality or quantity? The role of qualitative research in evaluating urban renewal programmes', in Studies in Qualitative Methodology, edn. SUPPL.: COMPLETE, pp. 79-103, 10.1016/S1042-3192(07)00203-0

Journal articles

Liu EY; Judd B; Santamouris M, 2017, 'Challenges in transitioning to low carbon living for lower income households in Australia', Advances in Building Energy Research, 10.1080/17512549.2017.1354780

Easthope H; Liu E; Burnley I; Judd B, 2017, 'Changing perceptions of family: A study of multigenerational households in Australia', Journal of Sociology, vol. 53, pp. 182-200, 10.1177/1440783316635850

Chen J; Judd B; Hawken S, 2016, 'Adaptive reuse of industrial heritage for cultural purposes in Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing', Structural Survey, vol. 34, pp. 331-350, 10.1108/SS-11-2015-0052

Easthope H; Liu E; Judd B; Burnley I, 2015, 'Feeling at Home in a Multigenerational Household: The Importance of Control', Housing, Theory and Society, 10.1080/14036096.2015.1031275

Judd B; Liu E; Easthope H; Davy L; Bridge C, 2014, 'Downsizing amongst older Australians', AHURI Final Report, pp. 1-197

Bridge C; Davy L; Judd B; Flatau P; Morris A; Phibbs P, 2011, 'Age-specific housing and care for low to moderate income older people', AHURI Final Report, pp. 1-153

Judd BH; Olsberg D; Quinn JM; Lucy G; Demirbilek OR, 2010, 'AHURI Final Report 144: Dwelling, Land and Neighbourhood Use by Older Home Owners', Affordable housing, urban renewal and planning: emerging practice in Queensland, South Australia and New South Wales, http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/projects/p70392/

Judd B; Olsberg D; Quinn J; Groenhart L; Demirbilek O, 2010, 'Dwelling, land and neighbourhood use by older home owners', AHURI Final Report, pp. 1-340

Ruming K; Randolph WG; Pinnegar S; Judd BH, 2010, 'Urban renewal and regeneration in Sydney, Australia: Council reflections on the planning and development process', Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 3, pp. 357-369, http://henrystewart.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&eissn=1752-9646&volume=3&issue=4&spage=357

Quinn JM; Judd BH; Olsberg D; Demirbilek OR, 2009, 'AHURI Positioning Paper 111: Dwelling, land and neighbourhood use by older home owners', Multi-generation households in Australian cities, http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/search.asp?Keywords=&Centre=&Search=Properties&PublicationType=pp&Search-Title=&ShowSearch=False&Year=&Search-Summary=&Direction=ASC&Search-Author=&Sort=Search-Tit

Morris A; Judd BH; Kavanagh K, 2008, 'The Older Homeless and Marginally Housed: The Forgotten Group?', Parity, vol. 21, pp. 97-114, http://www.chp.org.au/parity/issues/results.chtml?filename_num=00338

Judd BH; Randolph WG, 2006, 'Qualitative methods and the evaluation of community renewal programs in Australia: Towards a National Framework', Urban Policy and Research, vol. 24, pp. 97-114

Randolph WG; Judd BH, 2006, 'The Role of Qualitative Analysis in the Evaluation of Community Renewal Programs', Urban Policy and Research, vol. 24, pp. 97-114, http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a778696028&db=all

Judd BH; Morris A; Kavanagh K, 2005, 'From exclusion to inclusion: housing and support for older people who are homeless', Parity, vol. 18 Issue 1, pp. 58-59

Judd BH; Samuels R, 2005, 'Housing and support options for older people who are homeless', AHURI Research and Policy Bulletin, vol. 61

Morris A; Judd B; Kavanagh K, 2005, 'Marginality amidst plenty: Pathways into homelessness for older Australians', Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 40, pp. 241-250

Morris A; Judd BH; Naidoo YS; Kavanagh K, 2005, 'Older marginalised people: pathways into and out of a marginal housing situation', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 11, pp. 119-138

Morris A; Judd BH; Kavanagh K; Naidoo Y, 2005, 'Older marginalised people: pathways into and out of a marginal housing situation', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 11, pp. 119-137

Judd BH; Samuels R, 2005, 'Public housing, policing and crime reduction', AHURI Research and Policy Bulletin, vol. 55

Judd BH; Kavanagh D; Morris A; Naidoo YS, 2004, 'Housing options and independent living: sustainable outcomes for older people who are homeless - final report', AHURI Positioning Paper, vol. 060, pp. 1-79, http://www.ahuri.edu.au/publications/p70135/

Randolph WG; Judd BH, 2000, 'Community Renewal and Large Public Housing Estates', Urban Policy and Research, vol. 18, pp. 91-104

Conference Papers

Liu E; Judd B; Mataraarachchi S, 2017, 'Carbon Reduction Programs and Lower Income Households in Australian Cities', in Procedia Engineering, pp. 1541-1550, 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.316

Chen L; Judd BH; Hawken S, 2015, 'Adaptive Reuse of Industrial Heritage for Cultural Purposes in Three Chinese Mega-Cities:" Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing', in RICS COBRA AUBEA 2015, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, London, Sydney, presented at RICS COBRA AUBEA 2015, Sydney, 08 - 10 July 2015, http://www.rics.org/au/knowledge/research/conference-papers/adaptive-reuse-of-industrial-heritage-for-cultural-purposes-in-three-chinese-mega-cities-beijing-shanghai-and-chongqing/

Judd B; Liu E; Easthope H; Bridge C, 2015, 'Retirement Village or the General Community? Downsizing Choices of Older Australians', in Burton P; Shearer H (eds.), State of Australian Cities Conference 2015: Refereed Proceedings, State of Australian Cities Research Network, Gold Coast, presented at State of Australian Cities Conference 2015, Gold Coast, 09 - 11 December 2015, http://soacconference.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Judd..pdf

Judd B; Liu EY; Easthope H; Bridge C, 2014, 'Downsizers and Other Movers: A Comparison of Housing Choices and Outcomes in Later Life', in Downsizers and Other Movers: A Comparison of Housing Choices and Outcomes in Later Life, European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Edinburgh, presented at European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Edinburgh, 02 July - 04 June 2014

Judd B; Liu E; Easthope H; Bridge C, 2014, 'Downsizers and other movers: The housing options, choices and dilemmas of older Australians', in Assistive Technology Research Series, pp. 129-138, 10.3233/978-1-61499-403-9-129

Judd B; Bridge C; Easthope H; Liu E, 2014, 'Downsizing: Motivations, processes and outcomes for older australians', in 7th Australasian Housing Researchers' Conference, AHRC 2013: Refereed Proceedings

Judd B; Liu E; Easthope H; Bridge C, 2014, 'Downsizing, Relocating or Staying Put? Housing options, choices and outcomes for older Australians', in Downsizing, Relocating or Staying Put? Housing options, choices and outcomes for older Australians, International Federation of Ageing Conference, Hyderabad, India, presented at International Federation of Ageing Conference, Hyderabad, India, 10 - 13 June 2014

Liu E; Easthope H; Burnley I; Judd B, 2014, 'Multigenerational households in Australian cities: Evidence from Sydney and Brisbane at the turn of the twenty-first century', in 7th Australasian Housing Researchers' Conference, AHRC 2013: Refereed Proceedings

Judd B; Liu EY; Easthope H; Bridge C, 2013, 'Understanding Downsizing in Later Life and its Implications for Housing and Urban Policy', in Ruming K; Randolph B; Gurran N (eds.), State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings, SOAC Research Network, Sydney, presented at State of Australian Cities Conference 2013, Sydney, 27 - 29 November 2013, http://www.soacconference.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Judd-social.pdf

Easthope H; Liu EY; Burnley I; Judd B, 2013, '“We're a family - it makes sense to live together”: Multigenerational households in Sydney and Brisbane', in Ruming K; Randolph B; Gurran N (eds.), State of Australian Cities Conference 2013: Refereed Proceedings, SOAC Research Network, Sydney, presented at State of Australian Cities Conference 2013, Sydney, 27 - 29 November 2013, http://www.soacconference.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Edgar-Liu.pdf

Judd BH, 2012, 'Community Participation, Neighbourhood Design and Ageing in Place: An Australian Perspective', in Community Participation, Neighbourhood Design and Ageing in Place: An Australian Perspective, UD2012, Oslo, Norway, presented at UD2012, Oslo, Norway, 11 - 13 June 2012, http://www.ud2012.no/abstractsearch.cfm?pMode=AbstractView&pAbstractId=24856

Judd BH; Harvison T; Newman R, 2012, 'Compounding Vulnerability: Population Ageing, Climate Change Adaptation and the Built Environment', in Compounding Vulnerability: Population Ageing, Climate Change Adaptation and the Built Environment, Prague, Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic, 28 May - 01 June 2012, http://www.ifa-fiv.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/IFA-2012-Book-of-Abstracts.pdf

Abbasalipour S; Judd BH, 2011, 'Blurring the Boundaries: The interface of shopping centres and surrounding urban public space', in State of Australian Cities National Conference, Australian Sustainabile Cities and Regions Network (ASCRN), Melbourne, presented at State of Australian Cities National Conference, Melbourne, 01 November - 01 December 2011, http://soac2011.com.au/files/papers/SOAC2011_0115_final.pdf

Judd BH; Bridge C, 2011, 'Enclave or engage? Mixity and housing choices in an Ageing Scoiety', in Enclave or engage? Mixity and housing choices in an Ageing Scoiety, European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Toulouse, France, presented at European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Toulouse, France, 05 - 08 July 2011

Judd BH, 2011, 'What Older People Want: Attitudes to Options for Improving Housing Efficiency and Liveability', in State of Australian Cities National Conference, Australian Sustainabile Cities and Regions Network (ASCRN), Melbourne, presented at 5th State of Australian Cities Conference 2011, Melbourne, 29 November - 02 December 2011, http://soac2011.com.au/files/papers/SOAC2011_0186_final.pdf

Quinn JM; Judd BH, 2009, 'Designing the home stay: A comparison of visitable, adaptable and universal housing design approaches for older home owners', in Refereed Proceedings from 2009 Housing Researchers Conference, City Futures Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, presented at 4th Australasian Housing Researchers Conference, Asia-Pacific Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Sydney, 05 - 07 August 2009, http://www.fbe.unsw.edu.au/cf/apnhr/

Judd BH; Quinn JM; Olsberg D; Demirbilek OR, 2009, 'Does size matter? Under-occupancy and older Australian home owners', in 4th State of Australian Cities Conference, Promaco Conventions Pty Ltd, Perth, presented at State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2009, Perth, 24 - 27 November 2009, http://www.promaco.com.au/2009/soac/PDF/Judd%20Bruce.pdf

Judd BH; Olsberg D; Quinn JM; Demirbilek OR, 2009, 'Neighbourhood Design and the Activities of Older Home Owners', in Refereed Procedings from 2009 Housing Researchers Conference, City Futures Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, presented at 4th Australasian Housing Researchers Conference, Asia-Pacific Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Sydney, 05 - 07 August 2009

Judd BH; Baldry E; Corkery LF, 2007, 'Connecting the Dots: Designers and Social Workers Learning in Community', in ConnecED 2007 International Conference on Design Education, Sydney, Sydney, presented at ConnectED 2007 International Conference on Design Education, Sydney, 09 - 12 July 2007

Ruming K; Randolph WG; Pinnegar S; Judd BH, 2007, 'Delivering Sustainable Renewal in Australia`s Middle and Outer Suburbs', in State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, Adelaide, Sth Aust, presented at State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, Adelaide, Sth Aust, 28 - 30 November 2007

Judd BH; Thompson SM; Corkery LF, 2007, 'The Role of Community Gardens in Sustaining Healthy Communities', in State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, Adelaide, Sth Aust, presented at State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2007, Adelaide, Sth Aust, 28 - 30 November 2007

Judd BH; Samuels R; Barton J, 2006, 'The effectiveness of strategies for crime reduction in areas of public housing concentration', in State of Australian Cities: National Conference 2005, 2nd State of Australian Cities Conference, Brisbane, Qld, presented at 2nd State of Australian Cities Conference, Brisbane, Qld, 30 November - 02 December 2005

Samuels R; Judd BH, 2002, 'Public Housing Estate Renewal Interventions and the Epidemiology of Victimisation', in Housing, rime and Stronger Communities Conference, Housing, Crime and Stronger Communities Conference, presented at Housing, Crime and Stronger Communities Conference, 01 May 2002

Judd BH, 1999, 'Regeneration of large public housing estates', in International Conference: Cities as a Livable Space, International Conference: Cities as a Livable Space, Seoul, South Korea, pp. 41-56, presented at International Conference: Cities as a Livable Space, Seoul, South Korea, 24 November 1999

Judd BH, 1998, 'A consultative approach to design in estate Improvement: a case study of Waterloo, Sydney', in Royal Australian Institute of Architects National Housing Conference, Royal Australian Institute of Architects National Housing Conference, Sydney, pp. 73-80, presented at Royal Australian Institute of Architects National Housing Conference, Sydney, 26 - 27 March 1998

Reports

Liu EY; Judd B; Mataraarachchi S, 2017, RP3038 Final Project Report: Lower income barriers to low carbon living - Policy pathways to addressing barriers, Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living, Sydney, http://www.lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au/resources/crc-publications/crclcl-project-reports/rp3038-final-project-report-lower-income-barriers

Liu EY; Judd B, 2017, RP3038 Policy Guide Note: Addressing Australia's worsening energy deprivation, Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living, Sydney, http://www.lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au/resources/crc-publications/fact-sheet/rp3038-policy-guide-note-addressing-australias-worsening

Liu EY; Judd B, 2016, RP3038: Lower income barriers to low carbon living: Summary of focus group and survey findings, Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living, Sydney, http://www.lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au/resources/crc-publications/crclcl-project-reports/rp3038-project-report-2016

Pinnegar S; van den Nouwelant R; Judd B; Randolph B, 2013, Understanding Housing and Location Choices of Retiring Australians in the "Baby Boom" Generation, City Futures Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Sydney, http://www.treasury.gov.au/PublicationsAndMedia/Publications/2012/housing-in-the-baby-boom-generation

Other

Liu EY; Judd B, 2017, Submission to the Australian Senate Inquiry into Current and future impacts of climate change on housing, buildings and infrastructure, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Environment_and_Communications/CCInfrastructure/Submissions

Theses / Dissertations

Quinn JM, 2013, A Home for All Ages: Design of the Home Environment for an Ageing Population

Conference Presentations

Liu EY; Judd B, 2017, 'Lower income challenges to low carbon living', in Lower income challenges to low carbon living, Improving Residential Energy Efficiency International Conference, Wollongong, presented at Improving Residential Energy Efficiency International Conference, Wollongong, 16 - 17 February 2017, http://iree.org.au/session/lower-income-challenges-low-carbon-living-australia/

Liu EY; Judd B, 2017, 'Procedural justice in low carbon living for lower income households: An Australian case study', in Procedural justice in low carbon living for lower income households: An Australian case study, Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers Annual International Conference, London, presented at Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers Annual International Conference, London, 29 August - 01 September 2017

Judd B; Liu EY; Mataraarachchi S, 2016, 'Barriers to Low Carbon Living for Low-income Older Australians', in Barriers to Low Carbon Living for Low-income Older Australians, European Network for Housing Research, Belfast, presented at European Network for Housing Research, Belfast, 28 June - 01 July 2016

Easthope H; Liu E; Judd B; Burnley I, 2015, 'Feeling at home in a multigenerational household: The importance of control', in Housing, Theory and Society, pp. 151-170, 10.1080/14036096.2015.1031275

Liu EY; Easthope H; Judd B; Burnley I, 2015, '“I’m never alone and lonely”: Multigenerational living in Brisbane, QLD', in “I’m never alone and lonely”: Multigenerational living in Brisbane, QLD, Australasian Housing Researchers' Conference, Hobart, presented at Australasian Housing Researchers' Conference, Hobart, 17 - 20 February 2015

Liu EY; Easthope H; Burnley I; Judd B, 2014, 'Negotiating multigenerational bonds: Financial and non-financial outcomes of living in multigenerational households in Australia', in Negotiating multigenerational bonds: Financial and non-financial outcomes of living in multigenerational households in Australia, The Australian Sociological Association Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, presented at The Australian Sociological Association Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, 25 - 27 November 2014

Bridge C; Phibbs P; Flatau P; Davy L; Judd B; Morris A, 2013, 'Age-Specific Housing in Australia: are low income people adequately served: A provider and policy perspective?', in Age-Specific Housing in Australia: are low income people adequately served: A provider and policy perspective?, IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic, presented at IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic, 28 May - 01 June 2012, http://www.ifa-fiv.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/IFA-2012-Book-of-Abstracts.pdf

Judd BH, 2013, 'Apartment Living for Seniors: Baby Boomers and Downsizers', in Apartment Living for Seniors: Baby Boomers and Downsizers, Urban Task Force Forum, Sydney, presented at Urban Task Force Forum, Sydney, 15 May - 15 December 2013, http://www.be.unsw.edu.au/profile/bruce_judd

Judd BH; Bridge C; Liu E; Easthope H; Davy L, 2013, 'Downsizing: Barriers and Policy Options for Australia's Ageing Population', in Downsizing: Barriers and Policy Options for Australia's Ageing Population, European Network for Housing Research Conference 2013, Tarragona, Spain, presented at European Network for Housing Research Conference 2013, Tarragona, Spain, 19 June - 22 December 2013, http://www.be.unsw.edu.au/profile/bruce_judd

Judd BH; Bridge C; Davy L; Adams T; Liu EY, 2012, 'Downsizing in Later Life: Myths and Realities Concerning the Movement of Older People in the Housing Market', in ENHR Website, European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Lillehammer, Norway, presented at European Network of Housing Researchers Conference, Lillehammer, Norway, 19 - 22 June 2012, http://www.enhr.net/documents/2012%20Norway/WS%2015-Judd.pdf

Judd B; Bridge C; Davy L; Adams T, 2012, 'Policy Factors Which Impact on Older People's Decision to Downsize', in Policy Factors Which Impact on Older People's Decision to Downsize, IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic, presented at IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic, 28 May - 01 June 2012, http://www.ifa-fiv.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/IFA-2012-Book-of-Abstracts.pdf

Judd BH, 2012, 'Size Matters: Space Utilisation and Downsizing Amongst Older Australians', in Size Matters: Space Utilisation and Downsizing Amongst Older Australians, National Housing Conference, Brisbane, presented at National Housing Conference, Brisbane, 30 October - 02 November 2012

Creative Written Works

Liu EY; Judd B, 2016, It’s not easy being green, especially when affordable help is so hard to find, The Conversation, http://theconversation.com/its-not-easy-being-green-especially-when-affordable-help-is-so-hard-to-find-62621

Working Papers

Randolph WG; Judd BH, 2000, Community Renewal and Large Public Housing Estates, Urban Frontiers Program, University of Western Syd, Sydney, NSW, Research Paper No 2: Community Renewal and Large Public Housing Estates